Monday, May 25, 2020

The Death Penalty Throughout History - 1074 Words

This paper explores how society has influenced the development of the death penalty throughout history. It begins with a brief explanation of the origins of capital punishment, referencing the first known documentation of actions punishable by death. The paper goes on to explore different methods of execution and how they have progressed and changed over the years. Documented cases at different points of history are referenced to show the relationship of time periods and beliefs to the implementation of capital punishment. Finally, the development of different laws and changes to existing laws pertaining to the death penalty are addressed. The History of the Death Penalty The death penalty has changed drastically throughout history. Some of the first known written laws regarding the death penalty date back to the eighteenth century BCE (â€Å"Part I†, 2016). It is likely that some form of the death penalty existed long before written history, with a basis in customs, not legalities. The death penalty has continued to evolve throughout history, shaping the modern practices used in the United States and other parts of the world today. The administration of the death penalty has been shaped by the moral principles of those in authority and the mindset of the general public at each stage of history. This is shown through the evolution of different methods of execution, documented cases during critical points in history, and the laws pertaining to the death penalty at differentShow MoreRelatedDeath Penalties Throughout History1443 Words   |  6 Pagesput the perpetrator to death. Ancient civilizations to modern day people have implemented the death penalty to ensure the well-being, and sometimes discipline, of societies around the globe. The first official legal use of the death penalty dates back to the eighteenth century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon. Here the King noted 25 crimes to be punishable by death. In seventh century B.C. Greece, the Draconian Code of Athens established death as the only penalty to be dealt for all crimesRead MoreDeath Penalty Changes throughout History605 Words   |  2 Pagesand left 31 wounded, for which he was sentenced to death. The capital punishment system allows for such atrocious criminals to be fairly punished and kept off the streets thus giving families of the victims much needed closure .Capital punishment is the lawful infliction of death as punishment for a crime. The death penalty has been around since the existence of man if you killed someone you would be killed. Capital punishments were also the penalty for many crimes in the British colonies before theRead MoreThe Death Penalty Should Be Abolished1534 Words   |  7 PagesIntro The death penalty gives humans in our legal system rights to decide who deserves to live, a power only God should possess. Capital Punishment takes away our rights as equals. From its origins, the death penalty has been an inhumane, costly, ineffective, and biased form of punishment that needs to be abolished granting everyone their right to live. History of the Death Penalty Down through history, the death penalty has been adapted to be justifiable in the eyes of the people. By alteringRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is The Most Humane And Deserving Punishment1335 Words   |  6 Pagesreceive the death penalty? The punishment for murderers and rapists should be as heinous as the crime they committed. The death penalty is the most humane and deserving punishment that should be dealt. b. Background: It is important to understand that the death penalty predates the Roman and Egyptian empires. It can be traced as far back as ancient Babylon under the reign of King Hammurabi during the 18th century BCE. There has been many definitions and translations of the rules for the death penaltyRead MoreDeath Penalty : The Penalty1475 Words   |  6 Pages DEATH PENALTY BY TURKI ARUGI 6/15/2015 ELS LANGUAGE CENER Death Penalty When someone hears about death penalty the first thing that comes up to the mind is murder, robbery, treachery but not every crime is punishable by death penalty. It is indeed a punishment for severe crimes which are not forgivable or can be done in a prison. Sometimes death penalty is the only option left for the government or it may be too dangerous to let the person to stay alive. Death penalty is one of the mostRead MoreReasons For The Death Penalty1741 Words   |  7 Pages Reasons to Preserve the Death Penalty Imagine you are watching the evening news. How would you feel when you find out that they have found the remains of 10 bodies at the farm two doors down the road? It seems that the neighbors have been killing people for quite some time. Would you have ever known they were murderers? Ten lives have been taken from this world and never to return, what would you want from the government if you found out one of those remains was someone very dear to you thatRead More Capital Punishment: Not Cruel and Not Unusual Essay1276 Words   |  6 Pages Capital punishment and the practice of the death penalty is an issue that is passionately debated in the United States. Opponents of the death penalty claim that capital punishment is unnecessary since a life sentence accomplishes the same objective. What death penalty opponents neglect to tell you is that convicted murders and child rapists escape from prison every year(List of prison escapes, 2015). As I write this essay, police are se arching for two convicted murders who escaped fromRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is One Of The Most Ethical And Controversial Issues1581 Words   |  7 PagesSome may say the death penalty is one of the most ethical and controversial issues of all time. The issue brings forth anger among many individuals among todays society. This anger has developed over time throughout the history of the death penalty. Over time, the policy has been developed, started and evolved over time. Different states and countries choose to address the penalty differently resulting in more of a controversy. I personally believe that this policy is severely wrong and needsRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is Wrong And Inhumane Essay1170 Words   |  5 Pagesto death is difficult to completely comprehend. The physical procedure involved in the act of execution are easy to grasp, but the emotions involved in carrying out a death sentence on another person, regardless of how much they deserve it, is beyond comprehen sion. This act has been critiqued by many people from all around the world and it is our responsibility as a society to see that capital punishment is wrong and inhumane. Some oppositions to the death penalty include racial bias in death sentencingRead MoreThe Death Penalty Of Capital Punishment1480 Words   |  6 Pages there are many controversial topics regarding the criminal justice system, such as the death penalty. Capital punishment has been used many times in history all around the world, and it was quite popular. Many people argue that capital punishment is useful in deterring crime and that it is only fair that criminals receive death as punishment for a heinous crime. On the contrary, others see the death penalty as a violation of the 8th amendment. It restricts excessive fines, and it also does not allow

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Ebay Case Study E-Commerce - 2267 Words

eBay Case Study E-commerce eBay Strategy Case Study prepared for E-business, Internet Marketing and E-commerce lecturers and students. Last update, March 2009. Case Study: eBay thrives in the global marketplace I recommend students researching eBay checkout the latest eBay statistics and business strategies from their SEC filings. The annual filings give a great summary of eBay business and revenue models. Alternatively filings are included in the eBay press releases which also have info on new company acquisitions. SEC is the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) which is a government agency for which companies have to submit an open evaluation of their business models and marketplace conditions. eBay also have a summary of†¦show more content†¦In January 2008, eBay announced significant changes to it ¶s Marketplaces business:http://investor.ebay.com/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=290446 in three major areas: fee structure, seller inc entives and standards, and feedback. These changes have been controversial with some sellers, but are aimed at improving the quality of experience. Detailed Seller Ratings (DSRs) enable sellers to be reviewed in four areas: (1) item as described, (2) communication, (3) delivery time, and (4) postage and packaging charges. This is part of a move to help increase conversion rate by increasing positive shopping experiences. Powersellers with positive DSRs will be featured more favourably in the search results pages and will gain additional discounts. eBay Competition Although there are now few direct competitors ofShow MoreRelatedTaking a Look at eBay Inc.978 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction As the majority of us know, eBay Inc. is an American based (Headquarters: San Jose, California) multinational corporation that is dominant on the internet for consumer-to-consumer product or goods sales. eBay Inc. was founded in the year of 1995 as a personal project by its founder cum creator, Pierre Omidyar, for his personal goal of assisting his wife’s personal hobby of collecting Pez dispensers. However, in 1998 the company went public, and since then it’s President and CEO hasRead MoreEBay Essay820 Words   |  4 PageseBay Case Study University of Mary Hardin- Baylor Abstract 1. Analyze the marketing environment and the forces shaping eBay’s business over the years. What conclusions can you draw? The market eBay takes place in is primarily the Internet market. Around 1995 the Internet market was just beginning. â€Å"there will be more than 500 million users by 2003 and a rapid increase in e- commerce turnover, rising from US$500 billion worldwide in 2001 to more than US$3 trillion in 2004† (Fichter, 2003)Read MoreThe Strategy And Priorities Of The Product Service942 Words   |  4 Pages1. SUMMARY The base line of this case study is to identify a service along with three different providers of that service and compare the different competitive priorities and operating strategies such as cost, quality, time, flexibility, product range†¦ etc. for these three different service providers with the help of â€Å"COMPETITIVE PRIORITIES BY KRAJEWSKI RITZMAN† and â€Å"ORDER WINNING CRITERIA BY T. HILL† . Each and every corporate objectives and marketing strategies are taken into deliberation toRead More e-bay Essay837 Words   |  4 Pages E-commerce and Security Abstract This project will look at e-Commerce, concentrating on security measures of an online auction site, eBay. Security on the Internet is a concern for any online business in todays society. We will discuss online services, how businesses on the Internet conduct their transactions and shipping. With eBay we will be looking at their operation procedures while concentrating on Firewalls, Transparent Cryptographic File and Public Key Infrastructure as possible solutionsRead MoreMarketing Management Essay example1012 Words   |  5 PagesMarsha Carpenter BADM625-O2 Dr. Nall October 28, 2012 Marketing Excellence – eBay 1. Why has eBay succeeded as an online auction marketplace while so many others have failed? According to Kotler and Keller (2012, p. 411), eBay’s success began by creating aâ€Å"pricing revolution†, which allowed the bidders/buyers to determine the price they were willing to pay for an item. The consumers were pleased because they felt they were in control, and received the best possible price. The sellersRead MoreEbay Case Study797 Words   |  4 PagesStrategic Management EBay Case Study 1. A). EBay’s greatest opportunities are: a. Long auction time-10 to 15days is too long for customers to wait b. Localizing their website all over the world c. Acquiring Skype and they have begun to integrate buyers and sellers d. Mobile phones, social media trends, will help them try to keep up with Amazon B). EBay’s greatest threats are: a. Constant Hacking and Fraud transaction b. Copyright problems-companies mayRead MoreBusiness Study : Ecommerce Industry Outlook1067 Words   |  5 PagesSector study: Ecommerce industry Outlook Title: How the world is stirring towards Ecommerce industry. Objectives: As the world becomes increasingly connected through the World Wide Web, protocols for conducting businesses are changing. Traditional style of business processes have been replaced by the unconventional ones (Writer, 2016). It’s the era of new age entrepreneurs they are making the way bend for them because of their first mover advantages in the commerce space. A study on one of theRead MoreTaobao948 Words   |  4 PagesAbstract In this case, it mainly defines how eBay enter the Chinese market and state problems why eBay failure problems in China compare to Tao Bao. We will introduce EBay, compare and contrast between eBay and Tao Bao, also, we talk about reasons failure in China. Introduction to EBay EBay which is a management that allows people from all over the world to buy and sell items, auctions and shopping online. EBay was founded on 4th September 1995 and by name Auction web of Pierre Omidyar in CaliforniaRead MoreE-commerce: Its Development and Future Prospective Essay659 Words   |  3 Pagesthey feel like. This study discusses the development of e-commerce and its future prospects. What is e-commerce? E-Commerce is the short form of electronic commerce. E-Commerce is the use of electronic data transmission to implement or enhance any business process. Examples of e- commerce are, electronic funds transfer, the use of automated teller machines, online tracking of shipments and electronic data interchange between business communities. E-Commerce revolution E-commerce became the next bigRead MoreCase Study : Cultural Human Resource Management1361 Words   |  6 PagesA case study of cross- cultural human resource management Introduction Cultural issues in business are a phenomenon born by globalization of the market where companies invest in a foreign country to bring the culture of the host country and the company’s culture into contact. The market today is defined by global market that permits sharing of customers worldwide. However, during fierce competition, the market winners become the companies that who understand the Chinese culture. Therefore, cultural

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

FRAUD AND CORRUPTION - 1062 Words

COURSE: BUSINESS VALUES AND ETHICS ASSIGMENT: FRAUD AND CORRUPTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...3 Ethical issues†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.....3 Impact on organization†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦....3 Measures to be enforced†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..4 References†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦6 INTRODUCTION Fraud and corruption is one of the biggest issues that the society is facing and is also one of the most challenging issues that have yet to be tackled worldwide. Organizations end up losing a lot of profits due to the scrupulous nature of its employee’s fraudulous†¦show more content†¦all the branded company items that end up in our homes; pens, t-shirts, umbrellas etc. Role of employees in eliminating fraud and corruption An employee has a duty to be devoted and committed to service delivery and also be loyal to the organization. This goes a long way in eliminating corruption and fraud. One should also be selfless by doing their best to the best of their ability and also helping and motivating his fellow co-workers to do the same and where possible acting as a model for the rest of the employees to emulate. As a good abiding citizen and also a loyal employee one should report cases of fraud when they occur in the organization because committing fraud is a crime which is punishable by law and such individuals should be handed over to the court for punishment to be enacted. If the case of fraud is trivial the company can handle it by firing the mentioned individual. Measures that the organization can enforce in curtailing fraud and corruption The company can undertake to train its employees on the disastrous effects of fraud and its impact to the organization. The organization can also help the employees develop a positive attitude towards their jobs and also understand their role in curtailing fraud and corruption tin the organization. The organization can also organize seminars, conferences lecturer’s workshops for its employees to educate them on the causes effects and consequences of corruption By establishing a code of

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Managing Across Culture Monochronic Culture

Question: Discuss about theManaging Across Culturefor Monochronic Culture. Answer: Introduction Culture plays an essential part of the society. Culture is depended on the perception of the individuals as well as the way a person is brought up. Though culture is an essential part of the society, cultural differences is often observed among the people. Culture includes the language, food, dress as well as customs and rituals. This essay includes different types of cultural differences in the workplaces and the recommendations of overcoming it. Cultural differences might be monochronic as well as polychronic. Monochronic culture refers to the culture that prefers to do one thing at a time (Dinnie 2015). Polychronic culture refers to the culture that does multiple things at a time. For example, the office of a manager is polychromic in nature. This is because the manager is involved in a lot of work at a time and ensures the cultural unity among diversity in the office. In places such as US, people tend to live in a monochromic culture. In case of people living in Africa and Middle East, they have a polychronic culture (Koopmann-Holm and Tsai 2014). In my workplace, I have experienced a lot cultural difference. My workplace is a polychromic workplace and hence multitasking is a common practice. However, there is a huge difference in culture among these two types of people. A monochronic businessman or employee fails to realize the urgency of tasks among the people living in the polychromic culture. In my workplace, during US and African or Middle Eastern client visits, a lot of misunderstanding and misinterpretation takes place due to the cultural differences. The problem due to cultural difference is faced because in US, handshakes are usually short, firm and confident, whereas in Africa, a longer and limb handshake is in the culture. These differences in culture might lead to misinterpretations. In such cases, we often end up in creating misunderstandings among the clients. In case of any business meet among the delegates of US and Africa, the differences in the handshakes might lead to cultural conflicts (Lee et al. 2013). The US clients tend to get offended due to the way the Middle Eastern clients shake hands. In order to avoid the misunderstandings and misinterpretations across culture, clarity in communication has to be maintained. Polychromic culture is often misunderstood by people of monochromic culture. Monochromic cultural people, finds attending phone calls in the middle of a meeting, as a n uncultured behavior. Since my workplace is a polychromic one, hence attending phone calls while a meeting is going on and multitasking is usually done. However, some of the clients belonging to the monochromic culture finds it offending. The differences in culture are then communicated among the clients of different culture. However, for people belonging to polychromic culture, such multitasking activities are normal. Among the various times when difference in culture was efficiently managed by us, once the differences in culture resulted in cultural conflict. The clients from various countries had met and some of them were so offended that they decided to walk off. We had to make the offended clients understand that it was not meant to insult them, it was simply differences in culture. In spite of making them understand, they were not ready to understand, and as a result, they decided to cancel an important deal. Cultural differences could be high context or low context (Moran, Abramson and Moran 2014). A low context culture refers to people or the society in which people have many connections but these connections are short termed (Matzler et al. 2016). However, in case of high context culture, people have close connections for a very long period of time, but those connections are few. In my workplace, low context culture is maintained. We communicate more and explicitly. In order to convey any information, written and explicit communication is given more priority in my workplace, hence people coming from a high context culture finds it difficult to adapt (Minkov et al. 2013). In this type of culture, the boundaries are quite strong among who is accepted as belonging and who is an outsider. People belonging to low context culture are mainly rule oriented (Moran et al. 2014). In this culture, the separation is done by time and by the activities among the people. Since my workplace belongs to low context culture, hence the knowledge among the people is transferred more by formal and verbal communication. The decisions taken in my workplace is task centered and dependent on the activities that needs to be focused (Champoux 2016). Another cultural difference is individualism and collectivism. In case of individualist culture, self determination, self motivation as well as individualism is respected and given more importance. On the other hand, the collectivist culture is focused on working in groups and identifies the strengths and weaknesses as a group (Rallapalli and Montgomery 2015). In case of my workplace, collectivism is given more importance than individualism. Once, I had met an employee, who was a believer of the individualism culture. He focused on his own strengths and development ignoring the need to the team. Hence, working with him was difficult. This is also followed in my workplace, and hence no form of discrimination is encouraged. A hierarchical culture represents various levels based on the designations and the people are ranked according to their roles and responsibilities. Intercultural communication needs to be encouraged such that the differences in culture could be well perceived and un derstood (Neuliep 2014). The other form of cultural difference is Egalitarianism. It a type of cultural difference that focuses only with the social difference among the people in a particular company (Lyness and Judiesch 2014). In this type of doctrine all humans are equal irrespective of social status and develop the fundamental growth. Egalitarianism can mainly be divided into three broad groups: Legal, social and Religious. It states that every individual working in a company is totally free to express as per to the equality as a person. Social Egalitarianism deals only with the economic status of an individual in a work place (Swaab and Galinsky2015). For example social ownership is characterized by the economy for the surplus product that is produced by the industry that can acquires the population for opposing the class of private owners by granting the autonomy that is increased and equality of the gender is also focused with the relationship they share. The other part of Egalitarianism deals mainly with one of the very important aspect in the world. Religious and Spiritual caste system were into existence since ancient times. In many cases in a work place it could be seen as the cultural difference between the religious statuses of the people. This type of cultural differences needs to overcome in any type work places. My workplace follows the egalitarianism culture. This type of cultural workplace supports the work of the individuals efficiently. A workplace free from any social, religious or legal boundaries enhances the productivity of the work. My colleagues belong from different cultural, social backgrounds. We work altogether without having any discrimination among us. Egalitarianism companies rejects all sort of cultural difference and the employees enjoys their freedom to access all types of benefits and the organizational status provided by the workplace. This type of companies rejects the executive type of the model as it deals with the direct authority of the managers, who have his higher authority as well (Lyness and Judiesch 2014). The Hierarchical culture is a type of culture that is mainly followed by in most of the work places. In this type of cultural difference the higher authorities are being treated in appropriate ways that the people working in the lower status (Evans 2016). People in the lower status are always being given orders, and can be blamed easily. They suffer this hierarchical cultural feels insulted always due to the lack of the politeness of the higher positioned people. My workplace belongs from Hierarchical culture, though my higher authority supports egalitarianism as well. Higher officer, managers follows us up with the work that too free from any social or religious beliefs. Every employees are taken care as a sole identity but not specific according to their cultural or social ethics. The societies tend to focuses mainly on to the hierarchical cultures. It deals and focus with the ages and the biasness of the genders as well. In addition to the age issue, gender biasness also takes into consideration as the society still follows as a male dominating one, leading to the woman domination (Evans 2016). My workplace being too supportive towards egalitarianism, it still has hierarchical culture. My boss operates and guides us keeping the cultural, ethical and social values of the employees. The other form of cultural difference leads to the Collectivism and the Individualism in the work place. Collectivism encourages the team work and producing any part of the work collectively by cooperating each other. In this type of cultural difference, every member of the team values freedom, face challenges altogether as a team. Individualism in a workplace where competition between the colleagues also takes place on the ground of innovative and maintaining excellence in the responsibilities that is allotted to the individuals (Evans 2016). My workplace always focuses in the team work facility. Without working in the team, many work left out to be undone. Team work facilitates working potential in the team, rather performing individually. Being supportive to the collectivism, we are considered as a team in my work place. In this process, we as a team is more successful than performing solo. It can be concluded that it is possible to blend all types of the cultural differences in a particular workplace. If few cultural differences can be merged, then a super facility workplace can be achieved with all the facilities and the supports along with the proper salary and the job satisfaction of the employees. It can be recommended that the working environment must be polychronic in low context culture along with the collectivism with hierarchical and focusing with the egalitarianism. A strategy that could propose to manage the culture of the workplace in a better way and to mitigate the differences is to have corporate meetings frequently, where the differences in culture are discussed and highlighted. Group activities could also be incorporated. References Champoux, J.E., 2016.Organizational behavior: Integrating individuals, groups, and organizations. Routledge. Dinnie, K., 2015.Nation branding: Concepts, issues, practice. Routledge. Evans, E.J., 2016.Social policy 1830-1914: Individualism, collectivism and the origins of the welfare state. Routledge. Koopmann-Holm, B. and Tsai, J.L., 2014. Focusing on the negative: Cultural differences in expressions of sympathy.Journal of personality and social psychology,107(6), p.1092. Lee, S.G., Trimi, S. and Kim, C., 2013. The impact of cultural differences on technology adoption.Journal of World Business,48(1), pp.20-29. Lyness, K.S. and Judiesch, M.K., 2014. Gender egalitarianism and worklife balance for managers: Multisource perspectives in 36 countries.Applied Psychology,63(1), pp.96-129. Matzler, K., Strobl, A., Stokburger-Sauer, N., Bobovnicky, A. and Bauer, F., (2016). Brand personality and culture: The role of cultural differences on the impact of brand personality perceptions on tourists' visit intentions.Tourism Management,52, pp.507-520. Minkov, M., Blagoev, V. and Hofstede, G., 2013. The boundaries of culture: do questions about societal norms reveal cultural differences?.Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology,44(7), pp.1094-1106. Moran, R.T., Abramson, N.R. and Moran, S.V., 2014.Managing cultural differences. Routledge. Neuliep, J.W., 2014.Intercultural communication: A contextual approach. Sage Publications. Rallapalli, K.C. and Montgomery, C.D., 2015. Marketing Strategies For Asian-Americans: Guidelines Based on Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions. InMinority Marketing: Research Perspectives for the 1990s(pp. 73-77). Springer International Publishing. Swaab, R.I. and Galinsky, A.D., 2015. Egalitarianism makes organizations stronger: Cross-national variation in institutional and psychological equality predicts talent levels and the performance of national teams.Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes,129, pp.80-92.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Consciousness Essays - Sleep, Non-rapid Eye Movement Sleep

Consciousness Numerous factors determine when and why you feel tired, full of energy, and hungry. A person's state of consciousness and awareness varies throughout the day and depends on a person's activity, environment, and time clock. As a human we have what is called circadian rhythms, which simply explains our daily highs and lows. An example of your basic up and down rhythm would be the sleep/wake cycle. Sunlight regulates the sleep/wake cycle by causing the suprachiasmatic nucleus to decrease its production of melatonin in the early morning and increase it in the evening. Melatonin is a hormone that if increased in blood levels makes an individual drowsy or tired and if decreased will make them more alert. Certain individuals will experience that their biological clock is often out of sync. This can be explained sometimes from either jet lag, working the night shifts or graveyards, and Monday-morning fog. Sleep in itself has its own biological patterns and rhythms. Hans Berger introduced the electroencephalograph to us so that we would be able to measure the patterns and rhythms of sleep through a record called an EEG. Two different patterns of sleep are REM sleep and NREM sleep. The NREM sleep actually has four stages involved in it. During the first stage a person becomes slightly drowsy because of the mixture of alpha and theta brain waves. At the second stage, an individual tends to have bursts of brain activity for a short time, which in terms are called sleep spindles. The second stage also involves theta brain waves and the beginning of delta waves. The third and fourth stages of NREM sleep are often referred to as "slow-wave sleep". Both of these stages are measured by the amount of delta brain wave activity. During REM sleep, the sleeper is unconsciously active. His eyelids may flutter, he may have increased heart rate, and occasional muscle spasms. The two basic sleep theories are the evolutionary and restorative theories of sleep. The evolutionary theory of sleep suggests that our sleep patterns are based on or defined by evolution. The second theory simply offers that sleeping restores and rejuvenates the body through physiological processes. Sleeping disorders have a variety of effects on a person. Insomnia simply disallows an individual to actually fall into deep sleep and feel rested in the morning. Sleepwalking and night terrors are much more common in childhood then in the adult life and occur during the deepest stages of NREM sleep. When a person repeatedly stops breathing during his sleep it is called sleep apnea. This sleeping disorder usually tends to occur in older more heavy weight men. Another sleeping disorder is narcolepsy, which sends an individual in an instant phase of deep REM sleep regardless of where they are and whom they are with. Dreaming is yet another state of consciousness. A dream is simply an unfolding episode of mental images that involve characters and events. Dreams usually tend to occur during REM sleep but can occur during NREM sleep as well. We dream on a variety of topics, subjects, and individuals. No dream can be exactly interpreted or defined, therefore people have always been fascinated with what, why, and how we dream. An unpleasant and almost terrifying type of dream is a nightmare. This is a very vivid, almost real like state that produces quick anxiety and a sense of helplessness in the situation. Another type of dream would be the lucid dream in which the dreamer knows he is dreaming and can often guide the course of his dream. Hypnosis is a very controversial state of awareness because of its changes to an individual's perception, memory, and behavior. Not everyone can be hypnotized. The most susceptible people are those who approach it with a positive attitude. When subjects are deeply hypnotized they have said to experience detachment from their bodies or extreme relaxation which changes their subjective experience of consciousness. When a posthypnotic suggestion is made during hypnosis the subject will act on that for a short time after being hypnotized and sometimes up to a couple of days after the session. Ernest Hilgard suggested that while hypnotized a person experiences dissociation that splits consciousness into two or more streams of mental activity. Psychoactive drugs are chemical substances that alter moods, perceptions, as well as a person's conscious state. After abusing a psychoactive drug for a period of time your body will become physically adapted to it and create a tolerance for it and in return a person will increase their intake of that drug to feel the

Monday, March 9, 2020

The Life And Poetry Of William Buttler Yeats Essays - Abbey Theatre

The Life And Poetry Of William Buttler Yeats Essays - Abbey Theatre The Life And Poetry Of William Buttler Yeats On June 13 1865 William Butler Yeats was born in Dublin Ireland. From the start Yeats had artistic influences, due to the fact that his father Jack Butler Yeats was a noted Irish painter. He had no formal education until he was eleven, at that time he started at the Godolphin Grammar School in Hammer*censored*h England and later he enrolled in Erasmus Smith High School in Dublin. Throughout his schooling he was considered disappointing student, his studies were inconsistent, he was prone to day dreaming, and poor at sports. In 1884 Yeats found his way to the Metropolitan School for the Arts, here he met a poet by the name of George Russell. Yeats and Russell sheared the same dreams, visions, and the enthusiasm for them. Russell and Yeats soon founded the Dublin Hermetic Society for the purpose of conducting magical experiments. They promoted their idea that whatever great poets had affirmed in there finest moments was the nearest we could come to an authoritative religion and that their mythology and their spirits of wind and water were but literal truth. This sparked Yeatss interest in the study of the occult. After his experience in the hermetic society he joined the Rosicrucians, Madam H.P. Blavavtskys Theosophical Society, and MacGregors Mathers Order of the Dawn. Yeats consulted spiritualists frequently and engaged in the ritual of conjuring the Irish Gods. The occult research Yeats made was apparent in his poetry. The occult was a source of images to use in his poems, and evedence of this is in all of his works. In1885 Yeats met John OLeary an Irish Nationalist and Fenian leader. OLeary played a large role on getting Yeatss his work first published in The Dublin University Review and directing Yeatss attention to native Irish sources for inspiration. The influence of OLeary caused Yeats to take up the Irish writers cause. England was trying to destroy all Irish literature in an attempt to anglicize Ireland through a ban on the Gaelic language. OLearys nationalism and opposition to violence impressed many people including Yeats. These views helped shape political views that Yeats would hold for the rest of his life. In 1889Yeats met Maude Gonne, a woman he loved unrequitedly for the rest of his life. Yeats asked Gonne to marry him many times but she always turned him down. Gonne was an Irish patriot and an inspiration to Yeats. Yeats frequently accompanied here to political rallies even though he usually disagreed with her extremist tactics. Their relationship went through a lot including Gonnes short-lived marrige to John McBride. Most of Yeatss poetry is addressed to her. Yeats associated her with Helen of Troy, whose capriciousness led to the destruction of a civilization. In 1986 Yeats became friends with Lady Isabella Augusta Gregory, a nationalist playwright. Together Yeats and Lady Gregory helped to found the Abbey Theater. As the director and dramatist Yeats helped to turn it into a leading theatrical company of the world and a center of the Irish Renaissance. Near the Turn of the century Yeats fought to abandon his old style of writing, at this time his writing became less mystical and symbolic and it became clearer. Yeats eventually got married in 1917, at the age of 52. His wife was Georgie Hyde-Lees, while on their honeymoon she discovered that she had mediumistic abilities. Through automatic writing she could communicate with a visionary realm. In Yeatss later years he became more involved in politics. From 1922 1928 he was a senator for the Irish Free State. In 1923 Yeats received the Nobel Prize for literature, and died on January 18 1939 in Roquebrune France. Yeats was buried in Sligo Ireland. A Drunken Mans Praise of Sobriety Come swish around my pretty punk And keep me dancing still That I may stay a sober man Although I drank my fill. Sobriety is a jewel That I do much adore, And therefore keep dancing Though drunkards lie and snore. O mind your feet, O mind your feet Keep dancing like a wave, And under every dancer A dead man in his grave. No ups no downs, my Pretty, A mermaid not a punk; A drunkard is a dead man And all dead men are drunk. This is a lyrical poem, which Yeats

Saturday, February 22, 2020

MGT499 Mod 2 Case - Strategic Management External Analysis Coursework

MGT499 Mod 2 Case - Strategic Management External Analysis - Coursework Example The responsibility drawn towards the natural role played by the strategic management committee does not only oversee the company’s internal management, but it extends the boundary into external marketing issues that affects the company’s marketing and operations. Although diversification in the field of technology has produced competitive edges in the motor industry, the organization has continued to thrive in its domestic markets. What if the management wanted to thrive into better and bigger competitive markets in abroad? Does it have the necessary resources and leadership criteria to improve its development and market development? Therefore in this thesis development looking into Harley-Davidson Corporation will help us develop proper understanding towards the understanding if the company’s resources can support it venture into the international markets and it can fair with the intensified competition, McBee, R. D. (2011). To define the necessary steps that ca n be taken by the HD Executives in making worthy decision making, the PEST analysis model will provide different support alternative to substitute in the basic strategic decision making by the company. This is going to create light and provide direction towards the understanding of the national factors that can affect the development a better ground breaking strategy by the company. The porter 5’s analysis tools are essential in defining what goes and how the company will fight against the external factors such as economy and price fluctuations to fit in their agendas and budgets. In general it is all about what the company will in order to curb the many external factors that may affect the operations of the company. Importance of PEST and Porter’s 5 Forces analysis in Harley-Davidson Corporation These are the main models that can help the organization in their daily findings and operations. In order to maintain their competitive edge they have demonstrated over the ti me, different issues have to be taken into considerations. Technology and price fluctuations The two models try to define the main important factors affects new and better ventures for any business company that wants to improve it operations. Looking at the corporation of HD, many subsidiaries have been established due to the rapid diversification in the field of motor manufacturing. This has developed many different versions of motors in the market. The many versions and technology trends tend to change the supplier and buying power of certain products relatively in accordance to corporation brands. Technology has changed the way redesigning and management of the aspects is planned and developed through operations, supplying to the market and price dependency, Bonham, S. S. (2008). Therefore the main strategic organization of the company should view and developed the necessary decisions in regard to technological changes in the region and market. Rapid development and establishment of different processing and marketing outlets in the market can affect the normal way a company runs its operation. Through the necessary procedures and steps taken by the marketing and producing departments of the corporation, it is important to change the aspect of supply, design and price variance in its products.